元智大學資訊社會所:地理資訊系統與後現代空間專題討論課程大綱94年度第2學期

地理資訊系統與後現代空間 專題討論

授課教師:石計生

一.課程目標
本課程是地理資訊系統社會學的進階課程,將探討一個社會學研究的嶄新領域:地理資訊系統(Geographic Information Systems; GIS)與當代後現代空間的理論與實踐。當代後現代空間的理論方面將觸及空間生產、性別化城市空間、後殖民空間、差異空間和索雅(Edward W. Soja)的第三空間等。GIS是未來人文社會科學整合的重要方向之一,它不只是一套「工具組」而已,雖然建立在現代的電腦科技上,同時也是「個人設計與創新」的場域;同時,地理資訊系統的處理資料是「所有形式和地理關連的資訊」,這意味著系統的「地理中心主義」,即所有的人文社會與自然科學的資料,最後都是以「地圖」(map)的形式出現,而就GIS的現代電腦特質而言,它所呈現出來的,是一種「數位化地圖」(digital map)。本課程即是以GIS為共同操作平台,與當代後現代空間諸理論做一對照,在實際資訊操作層面上,探討後現代解構之外的理論與實踐挑戰之可能性。
Of special interest on the integrated foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences, this course focuses on both theoretical and practical approaches to achieve the goal. The main problems in Humanities and Social Sciences are their distance to the real world and their independency. This course suggests us to bring ‘societal text’, a concept dealing with interaction of nature and society, into our thinking of integration of social sciences. GIS, as a writing form of societal text, is a very powerful tool for the application of the goal of integration.
In 1964, Professor Kwan-hai Lung issued a ‘Social Survey of the Kuting District of Taipei’ project and drew several ‘social maps’. The maps, however, was full of mistakes due to their ignoring the differences between spatial and attribute data. Thus, I suggest us to use GIS software as a common base ‘to interpret the space, and to explore the typology’ of different variables of societal text. In a word, we could use GIS and its software to create ‘digital social maps.’ Researchers may test their hypotheses in the process of operating GIS software. In 2000, the research team of Soochow University issues a project ‘Humanities and Social Sciences Laboratory:The Research on Human-Societal Changes of Shihlin District in Taipei City’ to explore the idea of societal text and digital social maps. To correct the error of Professor Kwan-hai Lung’s‘ social maps,’ the purpose of the new project is to develop a structure of digital social map and to turn space itself into a real variable in which to carry both attribute and spatial data. In advance, the new project intends to analyze the patterns of spatial aggregation and dispersion of those variables of societal text and develop comparative study of regional typology in the future. We would expect a scientific integration might happen if we could solve the problems of designation of the second generation of GIS, the analysis of historical data in GIS, and the high cost of buying GIS software. Students may learn GIS’s theory and the application in the course.

二.先修科目
Pre-requisite 中 有修過地理資訊系統或後現代理論相關課程為佳

三.課程大綱與進度
師生認識與課程鳥瞰 (第一週)
地理資訊系統與後現代空間理論概論(第二至第四週)
地理資訊系統文本嬝炕G (第五至第八週)
後現代空間理論文本嬝?第九到第十五週)
批判性田野觀察與GIS實作(第十六到第十七週)
結論(第十八週)

四.指定用書
Textbook 中 石計生著 《人文社會地理資訊系統》(增訂二版) 台北:儒林出版社,2004。
英 1.Edward W. Soja: Thirdspace, Journeys to Los Angeles and Other Real-Imagined Places. Cambridge, Mass. : Blackwell, 1996
2.Edward W. Soja: Postmodern geographies: the reassertion of space in critical social theory. London ; New York : Verso, 1989
3.Edward W. Soja: Postmetropolis : critical studies of cities and regions. Malden, MA : Blackwell Publishers, 2000

五.參考書籍
1.石計生著 《地理資訊系統社會學》台北:儒林出版社,2001。
2.周天穎等編著 《地理資訊系統理論與實務》台中:逢甲大學地理資訊系統研究中心,2000。.
3.黃加佩等譯 《資料庫管理》第五版,Fred R. McFadden, Jeffrey A. Hoffer, Mary B. Prescott等著,臺北:儒林出版社,2000
1.Fred R. McFadden, Jeffrey A. Hoffer, Mary B. Prescott: Modern Database Management. Fifth Ed. Addison-Wesley Educational Publishing Service, Inc., 1999. Richard Banet and John Cavanagh: Global Dreams: Imperial Corporations and the New World Order. Simon and Schluster Press, 1994.
2.Arnoff Stanford: Geographic Information Systems: A Management
Perspectives.P.25-29, WDL Publications, Ottwa, Canada, 1989.

六.教學方式
1.本課程授課以學生課堂報告、並與老師共同討論的方式進行。
2.本課程鼓勵學生以英文討論與撰寫報告,並鼓勵學生發表文章於國際期刊。

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