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東吳大學社會學系 教師授課計劃表

地理資訊系統社會學
THE SOCIOLOGY OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

一、課程目標Goal
本課程將探討一個社會學研究的嶄新領域:地理資訊系統(Geographic Information Systems; GIS)的理論與實踐。GIS是未來人文社會科學整合的重要方向之一,由於一九九零年後,它的發展與軟體均已臻於成熟,使得地理資訊系統的應用更趨廣泛。地理資訊系統為「一種對電腦硬體、軟體、地理資料、和個人設計的組織化收集,以便有效地捕捉、儲存、升級、與掌握所有形式和地理關連的資訊」(ESRI, 1999)。由此看來,(1)地理資訊系統不只是一套「工具組」而已,它雖然建立在現代的電腦科技上,同時也是「個人設計與創新」的場域;(2)地理資訊系統的處理資料是「所有形式和地理關連的資訊」,這意味著系統的「地理中心主義」,即所有的人文社會與自然科學的資料,最後都是以「地圖」(map)的形式出現,而就GIS的現代電腦特質而言,它所呈現出來的,是一種「數位化地圖」(digital map)。
本課程即是從社會學角度,首先教導學生地理資訊系統的基本概念與發展,並詳細介紹空間的文化形式與社會學理論的關連,最後讓學生操作地理資訊系統軟體,針對研究興趣繪製「數位化社會地圖」(digital social maps)。

英文簡介:
Of special interest on the integrated foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences, this course focuses on both theoretical and practical approaches to achieve the goal. The main problems in Humanities and Social Sciences are their distance to the real world and their independency. This course suggests us to bring ‘societal text’, a concept dealing with interaction of nature and society, into our thinking of integration of social sciences. GIS, as a writing form of societal text, is a very powerful tool for the application of the goal of integration.
In 1964, Professor Kwan-hai Lung issued a ‘Social Survey of the Kuting District of Taipei’ project and drew several ‘social maps’. The maps, however, was full of mistakes due to their ignoring the differences between spatial and attribute data. Thus, I suggest us to use GIS software as a common base ‘to interpret the space, and to explore the typology’ of different variables of societal text. In a word, we could use GIS and its software to create ‘digital social maps.’ Researchers may test their hypotheses in the process of operating GIS software. In 2000, the research team of Soochow University issues a project ‘Humanities and Social Sciences Laboratory:The Research on Human-Societal Changes of Shihlin District in Taipei City’ to explore the idea of societal text and digital social maps. To correct the error of Professor Kwan-hai Lung’s‘ social maps,’ the purpose of the new project is to develop a structure of digital social map and to turn space itself into a real variable in which to carry both attribute and spatial data. In advance, the new project intends to analyze the patterns of spatial aggregation and dispersion of those variables of societal text and develop comparative study of regional typology in the future. We would expect a scientific integration might happen if we could solve the problems of designation of the second generation of GIS, the analysis of historical data in GIS, and the high cost of buying GIS software. Students may learn GIS’s theory and the application in the course.

二、教學進度

三、指定用書Textbook

1.石計生a著 《地理資訊系統社會學》台北:儒林出版社,2001。
2.石計生b著 《人文社會地理資訊系統》,增訂二版,台北:儒林出版社,2004。
3.夏鑄九等編譯 《空間的文化形式與社會理論讀本》,台北:明文書局,1999。
4.石計生教授編 〈人文社會地理資訊系統讀本〉,2003,9月,指定國際期刊文章閱讀書目:

四、參考書籍References

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